Botany (plant biology) and grow factors;

GROWTH

What's growth?

Growth means the expanding of the plant. This happens by forming of new cells and by growing bigger of existing cells. A plant grows when the photosynthesis is bigger than the breathing. Photosynthesis is the conversion of light energy into chemical energy by living organisms. For that, light energy is necessary. The process takes place in the leaf green of the plant.

Breathing is burning sugars. In this process energy comes free which is used by the plant to grow and live. Breathing takes place at day and night. Leafs are the lungs of a plant.

By taking the lower leafs away, the flower may transfer more nutrition. The leafs will become heavier and bigger. But remember, whatever you take away from above, the same amount of roots will die also.

The speed of growth is based on 6 factors:

plant 1* Nutrition

* Watermanagement

* Oxygen and carbon dioxide (CO2)

* Temperature

* Light intensity

* Humidity

 

 All these growing factors are linked together. An optimal growth is based on the right proportions of each factor. The limited factor determines the maximum growing posibilities. By improving this factor you will improve the growth, until another limited factor appears.

*Nutrition or fertilizing may be one of these limited factors. 90% of the plant exists of water. The remainder is dry matter. Most elements of this dry matter exists in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is not necessary to add it to the fertilizer.

By fertilizing we have 6% influence on the growth.

* Water: A plant uses its root hairs is to collect water and mineral nutrients present in the soil and take this solution up through the roots to the rest of the plan. Root hairs enlarge the transfer capacity of the main roots and they take care of the transfer of spore elements. That's why you have to be careful with adding Ph to the nutrition, cause too much Ph will burn the hair roots.

We distinguish two main streams:

1-First, roots absorb water and they transfer the water to the top of the plant. Secondly, the water spreads to the other parts of the plant. Vaporising is necessant for the plant and it causes a larger crop. Vaporising is done by cold or warm dry air.Plant 2

2-Maximum growth is only possible in case of an undisturbed waterabsorption (cutting the stem may cause faster blooming, but it doesn't increase the crop).


* Oxygen:Roots consume energy. For breathing oxygen is needed. When the soil is too wet, oxygen dissappears, and the roots will rot. After a few days the plant will die.

*Co2:There is no need to add carbon dioxide, cause its all around us in the air.

*Temperature: The ground temperature is very important for breathing and root activity. A temperature of 20 degreeds Celsius is ideal.

* Light is of importance because roots depend on the sugars from the leafs.

* Humidity: If humidity is too high, the plant won't vaporise enough to transfer nutrition to the top of the plant. When humidity is too low, the leaf will show symptoms of burning. This causes the lost of leaf green and the result is a lower crop. That's why young plants grow best in high humidity (70-80%) and blooming plants in somewhat lower humidity (40-60%).

As shown in the data above, the most important part of the plant are the roots. The more roots the better the plant will grow and the higher the crop will be. A.R.T.S. developed several biological products which have proven theirselves in the professional breeding business. These products will stimulate the roots in a natural, but above all responsible and fast manner. It is proven that biological products work better than chemical products.

 

 


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